Hilchos Choshen MishpatVolume III : Number 15'Yissachar - Zevulun' Arrangements
A. What is a "Yissachar - Zevulun" arrangement, and in what way does it differ from any financial support of Torah scholars and educational institutions?
B. Is it possible for someone to purchase, based on a "Yissachar - Zevulun" relationship, half of the reward of a Torah scholar for Torah that he has studied in the past, or does this arrangement only work for Torah that he will study in the future?
This is based on a column by Rabbi Tzvi Shpitz, who is an Av Bet Din and Rosh Kollel in the Ramot neighborhood of Jerusalem. His column originally appears in Hebrew in Toda'ah, a weekly publication in Jerusalem. It has been translated and reprinted here with his permission and approval. His columns have recently been compiled and published in a three volume work called Mishpetei HaTorah, which should be available from your local Sefarim store.
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It has been translated and reprinted in Torah.org with his permission and approval.
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Please Note: The purpose of this column is to make people aware of Choshen Mishpat situations that can arise at any time, and the Halachic concepts that may be used to resolve them. Each individual situation must be resolved by an objective, competent Bais Din (or Rabbinic Arbitrator) in the presence of all parties involved!
Sources:(1) This is stated by the Rema in Yoreh De'ah (246:1), in the Shach there (2), and in the Biur HaGra there (7).(2) This is based on the Gemara in Sotah 21a that tells of Shavnah the brother of Hillel HaNosi (the Prince) who wished to purchase the Torah that Hillel had already learnt. A voice came from heaven (Bas Kol) and quoted the verse in Shir HaShirim (8:7) "If a man will offer you all of the wealth of his house for your love (Torah study) you shall scorn him!". This is stated as the Halacha in the Rema mentioned above.
(3) This is stated in the "Collected Writings of the Chazon Ish" (Kovetz Iggros).
(4) In the Sefer Kesser Rosh, which is printed in the Siddur HaGra, this is stated in the name of Rav Chaim of Volozhin. Additionally, Rav Isser Zalman Meltzer, in his introduction to volume three of his work, Sefer Even HaAzel, says that he actually entered such an agreement so that he could continue studying Torah. See also the writings of HaGaon Rabbi Elazar Menachem Shach Shlit"a in "Michtavim U'Maamarim (Vol. 3, pages 75-78).
(5) This is stated by the Chofetz Chaim in Sefer Shemiras HaLoshon Vol. 1 Shaar HaTorah Chapters 5 and 6, and in many other places